Specifically, the model aims to neutralize payment incentives that may cause some physicians to rely on higher cost medications even when equally effective, lower cost alternatives are available.
In the second phase, the Innovation Center will test value-based payment strategies already in use in the private health insurance market. These include:
- reducing or eliminating beneficiary cost sharing for high-value options;;
- setting a standard price for medications that function similarly;
- paying more for a medication that is used to treat a condition when it has high effectiveness, and less for the same medication that is used to treat illnesses when it may be less successful; and
- securing rebates or refunds from pharmaceutical companies if medications are less effective than expected. Earlier this year, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Innovation Center proposed a demonstration to test new strategies to pay for medications that are covered under Medicare Part B. Most prescription medications are covered under Medicare Part D, but some (mostly those administered by a doctor) are paid for under Part B.
- The proposed demonstration has two phases. In the first phase, the Innovation Center will alter reimbursement for Part B medicationsThe coalition strongly believes the demonstration should go forward but recommends some improvements, including:
- This week, the U.S. Senate Finance Committee held a hearing on the proposal. Medicare Rights, AARP, and a broad coalition, including consumer and patient advocates, physician groups, labor unions, and others, submitted a letter to the Senate Finance Committee in support of the proposal saying, “Our support for the model is informed by our shared commitment to bipartisan efforts to transition Medicare from a volume-based system to one that reimburses based on health care quality and innovation. The proposal is aligned with these goals… Delivery and payment system reforms advanced through [the Innovation Center] allow policymakers to adequately test and evaluate pioneering models intended to enhance quality and lower costs.”
- Create a dedicated ombudsman program;
- Publicly release a monitoring and corrective action plan;
- Establish a multi-stakeholder advisory panel;
- Draw on best practices for beneficiary outreach and education; and
- Carefully consider limits to the size and scope of the demonstration